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About Special Education
What is Special Education?
For educational purposes, who receives Special Education?
There are three parts to the answer:
- The student must be determined to have an eligible disability
- Because of the disability, the student needs special services to benefit from education
The student is between ages 3 and 22
If a student does not meet all of the above criteria then the student is not eligible for special education.
What disabilities are eligible for Special Education?
The IDEA identifies the following categories of disability:
- Autism Spectrum Disorder
- Emotional Disturbance
- Hearing Impairment
- Intellectual Disability
- Multiple Disability
- Orthopedic Impairment
- Other Health Impaired
- Specific Learning Disability
- Speech or Language Disability
- Traumatic Brain Injury
- Visual Impaired
What are related services?
Related services means transportation and such developmental, corrective, and other supportive services as may be required to assist a student with a disability to benefit from Special Education. To receive one or more related services, the student must have a disability, need Special Education, and the related service must be determined to be necessary to benefit from the Special Education. California law uses the term Designated Instructional Services to mean related services. Related services include but are not limited to:
- Speech and language pathology
- Audiological services
- Instruction in the home or hospital
- Adapted physical education
- Counseling and guidance services, including rehabilitation counseling
- Medical services (For diagnostic purposes only)
- Health and nursing
- Orientation and mobility services
- Parent counseling and training
- Physical and occupational therapy
- Psychological services
- Social Worker services
- Recreation services
- Interpreting services
- Specialized services for low incidence disabilities
Where do students with disabilities receive related services?
Federal and State law require that school districts ensure a continuum of placements to meet the needs of students with disabilities. The continuum of placements within the district includes instruction in:
Whenever appropriate, students with disabilities will be educated in the general education classes. In addition, whenever possible, they will attend the school they would ordinarily attend.
General Education Classes with Related Services
In addition to general education, related services may be provided to assist students with disabilities to benefit from their general education program. Some examples of related services are language and speech services, adapted physical education, counseling, physical, and occupational therapy.
Special Day Classes
Special Day Classes serve students who, because of their disabilities, cannot participate in general education classes for a majority of the school day. These classes are provided on general education sites. As classes for a majority of the school day. These classes are provided on general education sites. As appropriate, students enrolled in Special Day Classes interact with their general education peers through academics, non-academic and extracurricular activities, academic and extracurricular activities.